карта сайта
Контакты Главная рассылка новостей контакты Библиотека Рассылка новостей

     



Информация

Подписка на гидрогеологические новости


 Предметный указатель:

  A
Acid treatment, 404, 420, 428, 448
  of fractured limestones, 425, 427, 451, 741
  of gas reservoirs, 685, 717
  in radial systems, 422, 424, 448, 741
Analogies of porous flow, 139ff., 146, 455, 736
Analytic functions, 182
Anisotropic media, 225ff., 253, 738
  partially penetrating wells in, 277ff., 285, 739
  resultant permeability in, 227
Averaging procedure, 240

      В
Bessel functions, 429ff., 630ff.
  definition of, 431
  differential equation for, 431, 662
  recurrence relations for, 662
Bipolar coordinates, 181
Boundary conditions, 136ff., 146
  analytic form of, 139
  mixed, 188
  at surfaces of discontinuity, 401, 448
Boyle's law, 123, 143

      C
Calculus of variations, 235
Capillary zone, 30ff., 292
  effect on gravity flow, 372, 373
  fluid movements in, 30ff.
Classical hydrodynamics, 125ff., 144
  derivation of Darcy's law from 131
  discontinuous motion in, 300
Compaction, 14ff.
  of clay, 16
  effect on fluid migration, 44
  effect on permeability, 17
  of sand and gravel, 14
Compressible liquids, analytic definition, 132
  equation for density distribution of, 133, 145
  nonsteady state radial flow of, 630ff., 632, 642, 655
   sources and sinks for, 666, 676
  steady-state flow of, 627ff., 745
   linear flow, 628
   radial flow, 628ff.
Conjugate functions, 181, 469
  method of, 181ff.
  transformations, 186
   by electrical models, 242
Connate waters, 40ff.
  analyses of, 42
  migration of, 43
  occurrence of, 40
Conversion factors, 723, 724
Curvilinear coordinates, 725
Cylindrical coordinates, 141, 726

      D
Dams, 3
  coffer, 221ff., 252, 748
  pressure distribution at base of, 193, 201, 202, 207, 248, 737
  sand-model experiments on, 205ff., 250
  seepage flux under, 208ff., 215ff., 738
  seepage through, approximate theory of, 338ff., 377ff., 393, 398
  rigorous theory of, 303ff., 314ff., 388ff., 739
Dams, seepage through, study of by electrical models, 318ff., 390,391
  stability of, 311
  uplift force on, 194, 203, 249, 737, 738
  uplift moments on, 194, 203, 249, 737, 738
  uplift pressure on, 192, 194
Darcy, conversion table for, 75
  definition of, 76
  units of, 76
Darcy’s law, 55ff., 136,144, 401, 402, 455, 480, 626, 733
  analogy with other physical laws, 140
  analytic definition of, 69, 71, 128, 129, 735
  for anisotropic media, 226
  confirmation of, 178, 208
  constant in, 69
  deviations from, 62ff., 194
  discovery of, 55
  range of validity of, 56ff., 67, 68, 144
  special form for hydraulics, 72, 294
Deposition of sediments, 24ff.
Dimensional theory, 56
  application, to model experiments, 244, 257
  to porous flow, 56, 59
Dini series, 656
Drainage by ditches, 288
  to deep lying water tables, 331ff., 392, 740
  free surfaces in, 327
  to shallow water tables, 336ff., 346ff., 394, 740
  of sloping sands, 292/, 386, 387, 739
Drive between two wells, 472ff., 502
  electrolytic model of, 563
Duhamel's theorem, 631
Dupuit assumptions, 360ff., 373ff., 396
Dupuit-Forchheimer theory, 135, 359ff., 377ff., 385ff.
  application to seepage through dams, 314ff.
Dupuit-Forchheimer theory, application of Thiem, 97
  equation of, 360, 369

      E
"East Texas" field, 460, 625, 639, 642, 668, 672, 673, 675
  cross section of, 645
  pressure decline in, 644ff., 648, 650ff., 674, 746
  pressure distribution about, 652
Edgewater encroachment, 453ff., 499
  effect of gravity on, 476, 502
  effect of viscosity differences on, 478, 503
  line drive, 468
  motion of interfaces in, 457, 466ff., 499
Elliptic function transformations, 208ff.
  modular functions, 301, 308ff., 312, 313, 729ff.
Equation of continuity, 121
  derivation of, 122
  steady-state form of, 123
   for incompressible liquids, 124 for variable permeability, 402, 448
Equation of state, 123, 131, 143
Equations of motion, 131, 145
  for compressible liquids, 133, 735, 736
  for gases, 133, 736
  for incompressible liquids, 132, 735
Erosion, 346, 355, 395, 740
Euler sum formula, 443

      F
Filter beds, 403, 404
Finite line source, 181, 247
  flow into infinite sand from, 181
  flow into a well from, 186,191, 737
  pressure distribution about, 184
Five-spot flood, 569
  conductivity of, 585ff., 615, 744
Five-spot flood, efficiency of, 596, 597, 613, 616, 745
  flooding history of, 570, 743
  pressure distribution in, 577, 586
Fluidity, 459
Fourier-Bessel series, 633
Fourier equation, 134
  elementary solutions of, 630
  Green's function for, 661ff.
  source and sink solutions of, 666ff..
Fourier integral, 227, 417, 450, 732
Fourier series, 156ff., 168, 245, 379, 417, 441, 450, 633, 634, 662
  cosine series, 156, 159, 441
  sine series, 157, 161
Fourier's law, 140
Fractured limestones, 409ff., 450
  acid treatment of, 425, 427, 450, 741
  bounded systems, 417
  effective permeability of, 417
  as gas reservoirs, 685, 718
  resistivities of, 415, 416, 450
Free surfaces, 243, 256, 287ff., 365, 385
  hodograph for, 302
  parabolic, 325, 391
  refraction of, 401
  in seepage from ditches, 327ff., 335
  shape in dams, 314 ff.
  slope, at inflow surfaces, 291
   at outflow surfaces, 291
Friction factor, 58
  chart, 60, 61

      G
Gamma function, 267, 419
Gas coning, 701ff.
  conditions for, 702
Gas drive, 455
Gases, analytic definition of, 132, 672
  equation for density distribution of, 133, 145, 679
  nonsteady-state flow of, 704ff.
   drainage of closed reservoirs, 708, 712, 721
Gases, nonsteady-state flow of, transients in, 705, 715
  permeability measurements with, 91
  steady-state flow of, 679ff.
   gravity-flow systems, 684, 717
   linear, 680, 716, 747
   multiple-well systems, 704, 720
   nonuniform-permeability systems, 685, 717
   three-dimensional systems, 683, 717
   two-dimensional problems, 682, 717
   two-fluid systems, 686, 718
Gas-oil ratios, 687, 718
  effect of tubing on, 696ff., 719, 720, 748
  for communicating gas and oil zones, 689ff., 719, 748
  for noncommunicating gas and oil zones, 692ff., 719, 748
  relation to oil recovery, 688, 748
Gauss' theorem of the mean, 174, 231
Grain diameter "average", 15, 61
Gravity-flow systems, 287ff.
  approximate theory of, 377ff., 398
  composite pressure-head and, 375ff., 398, 741
  exact solutions for, 323ff., 391
  of gases, 684, 717
  sand-model studies of, 365ff., 397ff.
  treatment, by electrical models, 318ff., 390
   by Hopf and Trefitz, 292ff., 387
   by method of hodographs, 300ff., 387
Green's function, 169ff., 246, 511
  conformal mapping by, 197
  definition of, 169
  graphical construction of, 237
  mixed, 189
  for nonsteady-state flow, 661ff.
  relation to method of images, 180
  symmetry of, 171
  for two-dimensional systems, 727
Green's reciprocation theorem, 228, 246
Green's theorem, 236
Ground waters, 28ff.
  content in unconsolidated surface sediments, 30
  fluctuations in level of, 364
  movements, below water table, 34, 38
   in capillary zone, 30
  occurrence of, 28

      H
Hodographs, method of, 300ff., 387
  application of inversion transformations to, 300, 301, 332
  for constant-potential surfaces, 302, 388
  definition of, 301
  for free surfaces, 302, 387
  for impermeable boundaries, 301, 388
  for seepage through dams, 304
  for surfaces of seepage, 302, 388
Homogeneous fluids, definition of, 4
  equations for, 131, 132

      I
Images, method of, 175, 247
  application to partially penetrating wells, 265, 266
  in homogeneous media, 410
  infinite sets of, 186
  relation to Green's function, 180
Incompressible liquids, 123
  equation, for pressure distribution, 132, 145
  of state for, 123, 132
  radial flow of, 150
Infinite line source, 175
Infinite-well arrays, 523
  pressure distribution about, 526, 528, 537, 544
  resistance of, 529, 540
  staggered arrays, 545, 611
Infinite-well arrays, three-line arrays, 540ff., 610, 743
  shielding in, 543, 610
  two-line arrays, 530ff., 609, 743
  shielding in, 533, 535, 536, 610, 743
Initial conditions, 136, 138
Irrigation problems, 353, 394

      К
Kelvin equation, 457

      L
Laplace's equation, 133, 134, 140, 430
  in curvilinear coordinates, 726
  in cylindrical coordinates, 141
  methods of solution:
   arithmetic mean, 234
   balayage, 234
   graphical, 237, 254, 339, 738
   model experiments, 241ff., 255, 256
   numerical, 238, 255
   separation of variables, 430
   variational, 235, 254
    Ritz, 235
    Trefitz, 236
  solutions of, 430
   exact for gravity-flow systems, 323ff., 391
   periodic, 168
   polar coordinate, 163
  in spherical coordinates, 142, 259
  for two-dimensional liquid flow, 150, 244
  uniqueness of solution, 139, 433
Laws of flow, 59
  for gases, 66
  for liquids, 59, 61, 63, 64
Limestones, acid treatment of, 420ff.
  flow in fractured, 409ff.
  structure of, 20ff.
Linear encroachment, 459ff., 500, 742
Linear sheet flow, 324, 391
Line drive, 175, 246
  electrolytic model for, 563, 564, 566, 567
  encroachment from, 468ff., 501, 742
  flux into well from, 178, 736
  into infinite-well arrays, 524ff., 609
Line-drive floods, 568
  conductivity of, 582ff., 615, 744
  flooding history of, 569, 743
  pressure distribution in, 579, 582
Line-of-сгеер theory, 201, 202, 204, 249

      M
Maxwell's law, 140
Model experiments, 241, 255
  dimensional requirements for, 243, 257,
  electrical, 241ff.
   electrolytic, 241, 255
    for flooding networks, 561ff., 612
    for seepage under dams, 208, 220
   graphite, 242, 486, 498
    for water coning, 486, 498
   gravity flow, 243, 256, 318ff., 390
    circuit for, 319
    for seepage through dams, 318ff.
   sheet conduction, 242, 256
    circuit for, 575
    for flooding networks, 577ff., 614
  sand models, 241
   of gravity-flow systems, 365ff.
   for seepage from ditches. 349, 352
   for seepage under dams, 205, 206, 208
Multiple-well systems, 507ff.
  for gas sands, 704

      N
Nonuniform-permeability systems, 400ff.
  flux in, 407, 741
  for gas flow, 685, 717
  pressure distribution in, 406, 414

      О
Offsetting, 546ff., 611
  multiple-line, 552ff., 612, 743
   example of, 556ff.
  single-line, 548ff., 611, 743
   pressure distribution in, 551
Ohm's law, 140
Open-bottom wells, 282

      P
Packing of porous media, 10ff.
  of natural materials, 13
  relation to porosity, 79
  of spheres, 10ff.
Partially penetrating wells, 263ff.
  in anisotropic sands, 277ff., 285, 739
  in gas sands, 684, 686, 748
  potential distribution for, 270, 271, 283, 498
   application to coning problem, 488ff.
  production capacities of, 274ff., 284, 438, 739
   maximal, without water coning, 495
  in stratified sands, 429ff., 438, 742
Permeability, 69ff.
  calculation, for gases, 78, 733
   for liquids, 77, 733
  continuous variations of, 401ff.
  conversion table for, 75
  definition of, 10, 71, 72, 294
  dimensions of, 72
  discontinuous variations in, 403ff.
  effect of compaction on, 17
  effective, for anisotropic media, 227
Permeability, effective, for filter beds, 403
   of fractures, 417, 425, 449, 741
   for hydraulic problems, 72, 294
  measurement of, 76ff.
   consolidated sands, 85
    apparatus for, 86ff.
    with gases, 91
    gas vs. liquids, 91, 93
    with liquids, 89
   in the field, 93ff.
    calculation of, 95ff., 733ff.
    correction factors, 96, 734
   unconsolidated sands, 79ff.
    apparatus for, 81
  nomenclature, 76
  typical values of, 101
   anisotropic character of, 111
   for consolidated sands, 103ff.
    Berea, 106
    Berea grit, 104
    Bradford, 103, 105, 109
    Clarendon, 104, 106, 109, 110
    Cromwell, 107, 108
    Gilcrease, 107
    Glen Rose, 108
    Johnson, 107
    Kane, 106
    Olean, 106
    Onondaga, 105
    Pechelbroon, 108
    Robinson, 103
    Salt, 104
    School Land, 106
    Speechley, 102, 104, 107
    Tokio, 108
    Venango, 103, 104, 106, 109, 110
    Wanette, 108
    Wilcox, 103, 106
    Windfall, 104
    Woodbine, 103, 105, 647
   of continuous cores, 109
   of unconsolidated sands, 113
  units for, 74
  variation, with cementation, 73
   with grain size, 70
   with porosity, 12, 80
Petroleum fluids, 47ff.
  accumulation of, 50
  migration of, 50
  occurrence of, 47
  source of, 48
  traps for, 52
Piezometric surface, 355, 369
Poisseuille's law, 56, 57, 71
Poisson's integral, 174, 231, 308
  generalized, proof of, 732
Porosity, 10
  calculation of, 114, 735
  of consolidated rocks, 103ff., 118
  of continuous cores, 109
  determination of,
   consolidated sands, 113ff.
    Barnes methods, 117
    Melcher-Nutting method, 114
    Russel method, 115
    Washburn-Bunting method, 116
   unconsolidated sands, 81
  effect on permeability, 12, 80
  of natural materials, 13
  of sphere packings, 12
Porous media, definition of, 7
  nature of, 10ff.
Potential, 129
  velocity, 129, 137, 145, 182, 287
Potential distributions, about partially penetrating wells, 270, 271, 283
  in radial systems, 260
  in spherical systems, 260
  for stratified sands, 436
Potential theory, 149ff., 455, 456ff.
Pressure distributions, 77
  under dams, 193, 201, 202, 737, 738
  in flooding networks, 577ff., 582ff., 614
  about infinite-well arrays, 526, 528, 537, 544, 551
  in inhomogeneous systems, 406, 414
  for line-drive flow into well, 178
  in linear gas flow, 680, 681
Pressure distributions, in linear systems, 77
  in radial systems, 151, 152
   arbitrary, over boundaries, 163
  in Woodbine sand, 652
Pressure rise in wells, 640ff., 672, 746

      R
Radial encroachment, 462ff., 500, 742
Radial flow, 150
  of compressible liquids, 628, 632ff.,640, 642ff.
  of gases, 682, 747
  of incompressible liquids, 150
   flux in, 153, 736
    effect of well diameter on, 156
   gravity flow, 365ff., 397, 740
    Kozeny's theory of, 365
    sand-model studies of, 368ff., 397ff.
   in inhomogeneous media, 403ff., 448, 741
   pressure distribution, 151, 152, 155
   velocity distribution, 151, 152, 155
Reservoirs, 50ff.
  closed, 653, 675
   interference effects in, 664ff., 676
   pressure decline in, 658, 659, 675, 747
   producing gas, 70S
    pressure decline in, 712, 714, 749
    production decline in, 710, 749
   single well in, 653ff., 657ff.
Reynolds number, 57ff.
  variation of flow with, 58ff.
   for porous media, 59ff., 67, 68
   for sand free flow, 58
Rocks, kinds of, 17ff.
  screen analyses of, 15
  structure of, 22ff.

      S
Sanded liner, 439ff., 452
  effect on production capacity, 444, 446, 742
  in gas wells, 686
Schwarz-Christoffel theorem, 197, 209, 210, 213, 215, 242, 248, 332, 333, 388
  generalization of, 297
Seepage flux, under coffer dams, 224, 252, 738
  under dams with piling, 218, 251, 738
  under dams without piling, 212, 251, 738
  through dams with sloping faces, 333, 337, 338ff.., 393
  through dams with vertical faces, 303ff., 314, 389, 739
  out of ditches, 327, 331, 334, 338, 346ff., 392, 394, 740
  general formula, 214, 738
  in radial gravity flow, 372, 397, 740
Separation of variables, 430ff.
Seven-spot flood, 571
  conductivity of, 587ff., 615, 744
  efficiency of, 597ff., 613ff., 745
  flooding history of, 571ff., 744
  pressure distribution in, 578, 588
Sheet piling under dams, 201, 250
  effect, on pressure under dams, 201, 202, 207, 738
   on seepage flux, 218, 251, 738
   on uplift force, 203, 249, 738
   on uplift moment, 203, 249, 738
  pressure drop over, 201, 202, 219, 248, 738
Sloping sand, drainage of, 292ff., 386, 387
  flux caught'by ditch in, 298, 387, 739
  limiting streamlines in, 299, 300
Soil samplers, 82
Spherical coordinates, 142, 726
Spherical flow, 259ff., 282
  flux in, 260, 282, 739
Spherical flow, potential distribution in, 260, 282
  velocity distribution in, 260, 282
Staggered line-drive flood, 579, 615
  conductivity of, 584, 592ff., 615, 744
  efficiency of, 596ff., 615, 616, 745
  pressure distribution in, 580, 592
Steady state, definition, 123, 134, 621
  continuous succession of, 621ff., 660, 707
  flow of gases in, 680ff.
  incompressible-liquid systems in, 621ff., 670, 745
  liquid flow in, 149ff.
Stokes-Navier equations, 56, 126, 128, 130, 144
Stream function, 183
  interchange with potential, 231, 253
Streamlines, 183
  interchange with equipotentials, 231, 253
  refraction of, 401
Subirrigation, 354, 394, 740
Subsurface fluids, 26
  classification of, 28
Surfaces of discontinuity, 400, 448
  boundary conditions at, 401, 448
  in gas-flow systems, 685
  refraction of streamlines at, 401
Surface of seepage, 243, 256, 289ff., 365, 386
  hodograph for, 302

      T
Thalweg, 35
Three-dimensional problems, 258ff.
  of gas flow, 683, 717
Tile drainage, 356ff., 395, 740
Turbulent flow, 58, 62ff.
Two-dimensional problems, 149ff.
  of gas flow, 682, 717
Two-fluid systems, 453ff.
  in EC-IS sands, 686, 718

      U
Unsymmetrical flow, 163ff., 168
  for compressible liquids, 661ff., 676
  for eccentric boundaries, 169ff.

      V
Viscous flow, 57, 61, 63,125, 136, 144

      W
Water coning, 480ff., 503 ff.
  analytical theory of, 487ff., 504
  critical nature of, 485
  equilibrium condition for, 481
  in gas sands, 686, 687, 718
  maximal pressure drops, without, 493, 505, 742
  maximal production rates, without, 495, 506, 742
  model experiments on, 486, 498
  shapes of cones in, 486, 493
  suppression by shale lenses of, 496ff., 506
Water drive, 454
  line drive, 468
  between two wells, 472
Water-drive field, 635
  production decline in, 635ff., 672
Water flooding, 454, 560ff., 612
  comparison of networks, 600, 602ff., 617
  conductivities of, 580ff., 613
  efficiencies of, 593ff., 613
  history of, 560
  model experiments on, 561ff., 612
  natural, 454
  pressure distributions in, 577ff.
Water-logging, 355, 740
Well battery, 518, 742
Well diameter, effect on flux, of partially penetrating wells, 275, 276, 284
   in radial flow, 156
   in spherical flow, 262
Well displacement, effect on flux, 172, 173, 736
Well groups, 507ff.
  in gas reservoirs, 704
  infinite groups, 523ff., 743
  small, in circular region, 509ff., 607
   battery on circle, 518, 742
   five wells, 515
   four wells, 514, 742
   mutual interferences, 519, 607, 608
   nine wells, 516
   sixteen wells, 517
Well groups, .small, three wells, 513, 742
   two wells, 512, 742
  supplied by line drive, 521ff., 743
Well spacing, 512, 608
  in infinite arrays, 535, 555
  in small well groups, 513ff.
Woodbine sand, 103, 645, 647, 653, 672
  expansion of water in, 625, 646, 674
  permeability of, 103, 105, 647
  pressure distribution in, 652
  structure contours on, 644




Поиск главная контакты карта сайта